What is HDR? complete overview

HDR or High Dynamic Range, can elevate your television image to a new level. HDR extends your scope for both contrast and blur basically. Beautiful pieces of the image can be very bright, so the image appears to have a lot of “depth”. The shadings are extended to reflect the brilliant blue, green, red and all in the middle. In decent quality TV shows featuring real HDR programs, movies and games, you will see the brightest features, the best and most in-depth variations, logical tracking. The picture is usually very similar.

HDR photo and camera is not TV HDR

HDR TV plans to show you a more functional, distinctive, shiny and refined image than ever before.

The HDR image taken by the camera or iPhone is not a “dynamic range” in this sense. Image has no unimaginable unique access to visual HDR. It is still a powerful image that is accessible, we just have more information on it because of the openness.

Light intensity.

One nit is equal to one candle (the power of one candle) per square meter (1cd / m2).

Advanced advanced high-resolution (HDR) enhancements, such as Dolby Vision, produce 4,000 or more nits on LCD televisions.

The main HDR formats are HDR10, HDR + 10 and Dolby view

The HDR10 is free and is an open standard, which means that television makers and content makers do not have to pay for opening it, while Dolby has Dolby Vision. All things considered, DV should show 12-cycle shading depth, adding up to 68.7 billion tones, while HDR10 is limited to 10-bit and 1.07 billion tones. There is an HDR10 + design, which adapts to powerful HDR and HDR10 quality while the dominant dynamics are free. At the hour of this construction, HDR10 + content is accessible with just a few web-based features (including Amazon) and tablets, yet the number is constantly growing. of televisions are starting to help HDR10 +. Samsung has announced the HDR10 + Gaming standard that we will be seeing for the first time on new televisions and screens, such as computer games in 2022.


IP cameras are produced over a long period of time, from simple signal integration in addition to code coding to new code codecs, the IP camera has previously taken a step towards the standard goal to display high quality. And then HD-SDI (high quality sequential computer component) as a novelty, gets a lot of speculation from the security manufacturer, yet more than that security component, yet the fact is that it did not meet a special requirement, almost any major. project view taken from HD-SDI cameras.


Ethernet IP camera, however HD-SDI camera using coaxial link.

The HD-SDI camera automatically allows 100 meters transmission. IP camera with a hundred delays during video transfer.

IP camera crop full of video streaming. Remote viewing is one of the average benefits of an IP camera. Remote viewing is one of the central benefits of IP

Disadvantages of IP

It needs a weird network base

Provide a limited transfer range

You often experience video inactivity

It requires impressive transfer speed

Disadvantages of HD-SDI technology

It is a clear communication point so it needs hardware (screens) for support (screens) (not savings)

The quality of the presentation may be greater than anything required (blurring, immersion, etc. is a transferable level)

From a camera perspective, there is no standard camera control system (one way) so the client cannot change the camera settings or send controls to it, etc. A separate connector is required to control the camera. .

The goal and speed of the casing should be set in advance (you have lost flexibility).

No description for monochrome as standard is designed to detect cameras.


ST 2022 is in some ways a re-introduction of ST2110, and ST2110 is redesigning a new way to compensate for the deficiency of ST2022.

An important difference between SDI configurations over IP is that ST 2022 represents part of the SDI video, part audio and information part into the same IP component, while ST 2110 renders SDI video, audio and information components packaged in three different IP transfer packages.

In the ST2022 framework of pure blood, the basic transmission chain always transmits the information transmitted in a certain way (such as the TICO strategy) and is packaged with SDI signals. In IP streaming, when the gadget needs to deal with video / audio / sub-information independently, it needs to stop streaming, and re-install it after administration.

In the unadulterated framework SMPTE2110, there are three streams that operate the basic transmission system. Video, audio, and auxiliary transfers are sent independently, corresponding to the difficulty of installation / output that was recently shown. Additionally, such a transfer would not only make the framework more attractive, but also require a greater need for synchronization. It is very difficult to sync three unexpected streams compared to a single stream in SMPTE2022, so SMPTE2110 uses PTP and RTP and so on

Various providers are preparing new initiatives to create different SDI signal channels in addition to 10G data transfer capacity or 20G data transfer capacity. The new SDI design of the TV stream is constantly changing and evolving from the standard SD-SDI to the standard 12G-SDI. The world of high vision will work on the film soon.

Overview of work

SMPTE ST 2110-40 – converts compatible data packets (as described in SMPTE ST 291) into Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) packets delivered via User Data Protocol / Internet Protocol (UDP / IP), allowing them to travel seamlessly associated with streaming video and audio content.

With the ever-growing applications of the existing crowd, the SMPTE ST 2110 is a truly unique advantage for the telecom business, carrying high speed and quality in the front line of assortment of ventures.

Improved flexibility, reduced bandwidth and better timing are the reasons for the future of signal distribution.


Name Resolution Frame rates Total pixel count Colour space
SDTV 480p 25fps 0.41Mp RGB
HDTV 720p1080p 25fps30 fps 2.07 Mp sRGB
UHDTV 2160p 120fps 8.3Mp Rec.709
2K 2048p 60fps 4Mp DCI P3
4K 4096p 30fps 8.8Mp Y’CbCr
6K 5760p 40fps 21.2 Mp BMPCC 6K-rec.709
8K 7680p 120fps 33.2MP Rec.2020
16K 15360p 120fps 132.71 M P Rec.2020


H.266 And JPEG XS

H.266 or VVC (Versatile Video Codec) is another pressure standard created by the Joint Video Specialists Group (JVET).The essential focus on any new video pressure standard is to diminish the bandwidth.  The standard has support for radiating 4K to 8K recordings consistently, alongside help for 360-degree recordings. This could be helpful in VR and AR applications.H.266 is planned so that that you can get to various districts of an edge straightforwardly in the bitstream while JPEG XS is an interoperable, outwardly lossless, low inertness and lightweight picture and video coding framework that objectives mezzanine pressure inside any AV application. The fundamental elements of JPEG XS  are Visually straightforward compression, Low-latency ,lightweight, exact bitrate allocation ,accurate stream control.


Written by Jacob Glenn

Jacob has probably spent thousands of hours learning about displays in his free time and prior work experience. He now writes and manages PerfectMonitors to ensure it stays as the people's favorite resource.

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